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Academic writing is a formal style of writing.
- It uses grammatically correct sentences and punctuation.
- It appears neutral and avoids emotional language.
- It avoids conversational words: you know, things like, stuff and abbreviations: can’t, won’t, doesn’t, shouldn’t.
- It uses verbs that avoid expressions of absolute certainty such as: give the impression of, tend to, appear to be, consider, think, doubt, indicate, recommend, show.
- Your view is the basis of your argument BUT you need to back up your position with evidence from academic sources.
- It demonstrates analysis and evaluation of arguments from recent academic evidence.
- It presents your ideas and evidences in a logical and progressive manner.
- It contains a bibliography.
How to improve your formal writing (and grammar) - MHS Library Learning Series
Structure and key elements of academic paragraphs
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