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What is your purpose?
First, ask yourself: what is your purpose?
- Reading from start to finish
- Skimming only for what you need.
- Skimming a chapter/section.
- Searching for information/statistics about something specific.
- Annotate and mark (sparingly) sections of the text to easily recall important or interesting ideas
- Check your predictions and find answers to posed questions
- Use headings and transition words to identify relationships in the text
- Create a vocabulary list of other unfamiliar words to define later
- Try to infer unfamiliar words’ meanings by identifying their relationship to the main idea
- Connect the text to what you already know about the topic
- Take breaks (split the text into segments if necessary)
- Sample annotated texts – Journal article · Book chapter excerpt
- Summarize the text in your own words (note what you learned, impressions, and reactions) in an outline, concept map, or matrix (for several texts)
- Talk to someone about the author’s ideas to check your comprehension
- Identify and reread difficult parts of the text
- Define words on your vocabulary list (try a learner’s dictionary) and practice using them
- Sample graphic organizers – Concept map · Literature review matrix
Source: The Writing Centre (The University of North Carolina)