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MHS Library | Extended Investigation (VCE)

Activity 1: Highly accessible

GRAMMAR GRAMMAR GRAMMAR. These are four (4) of the most common mistakes made in academic writing.

I am going to assume that everyone knows TO WRITE THE REPORT IN THE THIRD PERSON.

Step 1. Tense Consistency

Try this activity. Printed handout available.

Step 2. Transitions

This page has a comprehensive list of transitions and how they can be used to give further meaning in your writing.

There is an optional quiz at the end of this page. Printed handout available.

Step 3. Sentence Structure

Try this activity. Printed handout available.

Step 4. Eliminating Wordiness

Try this activity. Printed handout available.

Activity 3: Academic in-text citations


(The MHS LibGuide Referencing: Bibliography and Citation List - Introduction is a comprehensive guide to creating citations and placing them in a bibliography BUT if you use ZOTERO you will only need this guide if you have difficulties).

You need to make citations of all sources in your report that are not

  • presumed knowledge
  • not your original ideas



Complete this activity to correctly identify the in-text citation.

Activity 2: Tailored to an educated non-specialist audience

Look at the language you have used in your research report.

Step 1. Abbreviations

Can you create abbreviations for the names of organisations, government groups etc that you refer to more than three (3) or more times in your report? Abbreviations reduce the word count.

For example; Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA)

The first time you use the name of an organisation in your report, you use the full name, after that you use just the abbreviation.

Abbreviations do not appear in an abstract.

What abbreviations will you be using in your report?


Step 2. Numerical consistency

What dates, percentage figures or numbers will use in your report?

Most whole numbers should be written in full followed by the numerical value in brackets. Larger numbers, over 999, do not have to be written in full.

For example; one hundred and fifty-four (154)

Numbers in tables and figures can be written as a numerical value

For example 154

All dates should be written consistently

For example 3 July 2014

In the body of the report all percentage figures should be written in full with the word percentage after it, followed by the numerical value and a percentage sign in brackets.

For example; fifty-four percent (54%)

Percentage figures in tables and figures can be written as a numerical value and/ a percentage sign

For example 54%

WHY? is to ensure no mistake is made when sharing research.


Step 3. Definitions

You only need to define uncommon words that you will use repeatedly, for example, "tryptophan". If you are not sure whether it is a common word, ask a friend/teacher.

Definitions must be defined succinctly and in layman terms, try using the Macquarie Dictionary (found online via the SLV). The Library has the print version on the shelf.