Labelling Theory from Canvas
The theory is important to understand deviant and criminal behaviour.
In simpler terms, it is the instance where an individual accepts a label that has been given to them by someone else after they have performed a specific action that is deemed inappropriate. E.g. A child takes a loaf of bread from the bakery and doesn't pay for it. When confronted, the accuser tells the child that it's stealing and that he/she is a thief. Over time, the child internalizes and accepts this label; and in a sense, assimilates themselves with this behaviour.
Basically, the theory is how an individual is influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them.
The theory classifies people into 4 categories:
Falsely Accused- People who are obedient but are falsely accused of being deviant
Conforming-Obedient people who are viewed by society the same way
Pure Deviant-Individuals who engage in deviant activities and the individual has been recognized by society as a criminal or as deviant
Secret Deviant-Individuals who are deviant but society sees them as obedient
Think back to when you were a student.
- What labels were placed upon YOU in the classroom or outside of the classroom? Were these positive or negative labels? Did you internalize them? Were there emotions attached to these labels? Explain.
- What kind of student were YOU? In your description of yourself do you tend to see any of those labels revealing themselves?
- What are other labels do you remember hearing associated with young people when you were in school ?
Think more broadly now incorporating ideas from the class readings as well as your own experiences:
- Do you think labels serve a purpose? In what ways? Give examples from your own life.
- Do you think labeling is a positive or negative thing in schools? In what ways? Give examples from your own life.
- Do you feel like labeling theory is still a relevant theory in education? Why or why not? Give examples from your own life. (Author: Marissa Bellinocritical; Source)
On being sane in insane places - experiment
In the early 70s, just like today, there were many critics of the mental health industry, specifically in the area of psychiatry. Rosenhan was one of these critics. As a researcher and psychiatrist himself, he put together a team of eight perfectly healthy and sane "pseudo patients" (five men and three women) to have themselves committed in one of several psychiatric hospitals across the United States. In order to make this experiment work, the pseudo patients had to lie about their name, job, and the fact that they heard a voice in their heads.
Immediately after admission, the pseudo patients acted normally (asymptomatic) while discreetly taking notes for the experiment. They could not be released without staff corroboration of their sanity., which took from 7 to 52 days, with an average of 19 days to get. (Read the rest of this report to find out what happened and the results of the experiment)