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MHS Library | Academic writing

Previewing sections of text

The section below describes …
What follows is an account of …
In the following pages, I will present …
The following is a brief description of …
In the section that follows, it will be argued that …
The problem of X is discussed in the following section.
A more detailed account of X is given in the following section.
The structure and functions of X will be explained in the following section.
The following part of this paper moves on to describe in greater detail the…

(Source: The University of Manchester)

 

Reintroducing a topic

As discussed above, …
As explained earlier, …
As previously stated, …
As indicated previously …
As described on the previous page, …
As was mentioned in the previous chapter, …
Returning (briefly) to the (subject/issue) of X, …
As explained in the introduction, it is clear that …
As was pointed out in the introduction to this paper, …

(Source: The University of Manchester)

Moving from one section to the next, indicating addition or contrast

Another significant aspect of X is …
In addition, it is important to ask …
Unlike Smith, Jones (2014) has argued …
In contrast to Smith, Jones (2014) maintains …
Despite this, little progress has been made in the …
However, this system also has a number of serious drawbacks.
On the other hand, in spite of these recent findings about the role of …,

(Source: The University of Manchester)

Previewing a previous chaper

In the chapter that follows, I present …
The next chapter describes the synthesis and evaluation of …
A summary of the main findings, together with …, is provided in the next chapter.
The next chapter describes the procedures and methods used in this investigation …
In the next section, I will present the principal findings of the current investigation …
These analytical procedures and the results obtained from them are described in the next chapter.

(Source: The University of Manchester)

 

 

 

 

Introducing a new topic

Regarding X, …
As regards X, …
In terms of X, …
In the case of X …
With regard to X, …
With respect to X, …
On the question of X, …
As far as X is concerned, …

(Source: The University of Manchester)

Moving from one section to the next

Turning now to …
Let us now turn to …
Let us now consider …
Moving on now to consider …
Turning now to the experimental evidence on …
Before proceeding to examine X, it is important to …
Before explaining these theories, it is necessary to …
Having defined what is meant by X, I will now move on to discuss …
So far this paper has focused on X. The following section will discuss …
This chapter has demonstrated that … It is now necessary to explain the course of …
Having discussed how to construct X, the final section of this paper addresses ways of …
This section has analysed the causes of X and has argued that … The next part of this paper will …

(Source: The University of Manchester)

Summarising a section or chapter

Thus far, the thesis has argued that …
The previous section has shown that …
To conclude this section, the literature identifies …
This section has reviewed the three key aspects of …
In summary, it has been shown from this review that …
This chapter has described the methods used in this investigation and it has …
This section has attempted to provide a brief summary of the literature relating to …
This chapter began by describing X and arguing that … It went on to suggest that the …
In this section, it has been explained that … The chapter that follows moves on to consider the…

(Source: The University of Manchester)