Follow a simple process for organising and coding the qualitative data. In this process you will need to code using a pre-defined set of themes or unpack themes (without prior expectations) as you read the qualitative data. It is crucial that you articulate your coding legend.
It is recommend that you read at least 25% of your data before making a first judgement about possible themes and where each piece of data might sit. Once you have completed the coding you should ask a peer to read through the same data and check to see if they agree with your coding.
Results should be written as an EXPLICIT commentary or narrative and may include;
- comparisons between results
- comments on whether the results are expected or unexpected
- comments about unsatisfactory data.
Examples of word choices
The graph x/table y shows that...
The graph x/table y indicates that...
Using tentative language. (2020, February 23). Research & Learning Online. https://www.monash.edu/rlo/research-writing-assignments/writing/features-of-academic-writing/tentative-language
Dealing with problems
|The difference between expected and obtained results||may be due to||
|This discrepancy||can be attributed to||the small sample size|
|The anomaly in the observations||can probably be accounted for||by a defect in the method|
|The lack of statistical significance||is probably a consequence of||weaknesses in the experimental design|
|The difficulty in||would seem to stem from||the limited amount of ... available|
Reporting and discussing your findings. (2020, November 20). Research & Learning Online. https://www.monash.edu/rlo/graduate-research-writing/write-the-thesis/writing-the-thesis-chapters/reporting-and-discussing-your-findings#present-your-findings