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MHS Library | Extended Investigation (VCE)

Quantitative data

Qualitative data

Follow a simple process for organising and coding the qualitative data. In this process you will need to code using a pre-defined set of themes or unpack themes (without prior expectations) as you read the qualitative data. It is crucial that you articulate your coding legend.

It is recommend that you read at least 25% of your data before making a first judgement about possible themes and where each piece of data might sit. Once you have completed the coding you should ask a peer to read through the same data and check to see if they agree with your coding.

Quotes from Transcripts

If you have transcripts from FOCUS GROUPS - INTERVIEWS.

(Learn more about transcripts here)

This is qualitative data and a theme analysis needs to be applied to the data, here is an example.

Read more about thematic analysis


Word choices

Results should be written as an EXPLICIT commentary or narrative and may include;

  • explanations
  • comparisons between results
  • comments on whether the results are expected or unexpected
  • comments about unsatisfactory data.

Examples of word choices

The graph x/table y shows that...

The  graph x/table y indicates that...

Using tentative language. (2020, February 23). Research & Learning Online.

Dealing with problems


The difference between expected and obtained results may be due to
the ... part of the experimental design 
This discrepancy can be attributed to the small sample size
The anomaly in the observations can probably be accounted for by a defect in the method
The lack of statistical significance  is probably a consequence of  weaknesses in the experimental design
The difficulty in would seem to stem from the limited amount of ... available

Reporting and discussing your findings. (2020, November 20). Research & Learning Online.