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MHS Library | Anti-Apartheid movement

Anti-Apartheid movement

Internal resistance to apartheid
Mandela burn pass 1960.jpg
Nelson Mandela burns his passbook in 1960 as part of a civil disobedience campaign.
Date 17 December 1950 – 27 April 1994
(43 years, 4 months, 1 week and 3 days)[note 1]
Location South AfricaSouth West Africa

Military stalemate between MK and South African security forces[3][4] 
Bilateral negotiations to end apartheid[1]

Integration of the bantustans, change of provincial borders in South Africa.
UDF (passive resistance only)[1]

 Union of South Africa(1948–1961)
 Republic of South Africa (1961–1994)

Commanders and leaders
 Oliver Tambo
 Nelson Mandela
 Winnie Mandela
 Joe Slovo
 Joe Modise
 Moses Mabhida
 Lennox Lagu
Potlako Leballo
John Nyathi Pokela
South Africa Hendrik Verwoerd
South Africa B. J. Vorster
South Africa P. W. Botha
South Africa F. W. de Klerk
South Africa Hendrik van den Bergh
South Africa Dirk Coetzee
South Africa Eugene de Kock
Casualties and losses
21,000 dead as a result of political violence (1948-94)[5]

Internal resistance to apartheid in South Africa originated from several independent sectors of South African society and alternatively took the form of social movementspassive resistance, or guerrilla warfare. Mass action against the ruling National Party government, coupled with South Africa's growing international isolation and economic sanctions, were instrumental factors in ending racial segregation and discrimination.[1] Both black and white South African activists such as Steve BikoDesmond TutuNelson MandelaHarry Schwarz, and Joe Slovo were involved with various anti-apartheid causes. By the 1980s, there was continuous interplay between violent and non-violent action, and this interplay was a notable feature of resistance against apartheid from 1983 until South Africa's first multiracial elections under a universal franchise in 1994.[6] (Read the rest on Wikipedia)

Trade Union movement 
Mass Democratic Movement 
White Resistance
Jewish Resistance
Indian Resistance
Role of women


The British Anti-Apartheid Movement

Photo source

A poster produced in 1971 by the British Anti Apartheid Movement protesting British Arms to South Africa, Source: African Activist Archive

The Anti-Apartheid Movement

Subject guide created by

Tania Sheko

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