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MHS Library | English Language Year 12

Vocative : Type of lexeme used by the speaker to name or refer to someone else when talking to them. Has two functions:
To call someone in order to gain their attention ("John, it's time to go to school") or to address someone, expressing particular social relationships or attitudes ("Waiter, my soup is cold").
Common terms: Mr, Ms, Mrs, Sir, Madam, etc.

"Makes me feel more Aussie": ethnic identity and vocative mate in Australia" 

The Distribution and Function of Vocatives in American and British English conversation (preview in Google Scholar, ie some parts will not appear)

Extracts from "A Communicative Grammar of English" (Google Scholar)

"Letters to the world: A poet turns his word into song'. In The Absolute Letter, poet Andrew Joron breaks words down to their constituent parts to reveal their hidden music.

Vocative self-address, from ancient Greece to Donald Trump

The vocative in crisis - "I know Bill" vs "I know, Bill" - the vocative now under threat from under-use of the comma.



The internet era of English (podcast)
Language@internet - 
an open-access, peer-reviewed, scholarly electronic journal that publishes original research on language and language use mediated by the Internet, the World Wide Web, and mobile technologies.
Kids these days aren't ruining language. (podcast)
The story of the internet as told by Know Your Meme.
Why is sarcasm so difficult to detect in texts and emails? (The Conversation)

Search Emojipedia

The internet tilde perfectly conveys something we don't have the words to explain
Sparkly unicorn punctuation is invading the internet.