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MHS Library | English Language Year 11

Standard English

Australian Style is a blog on English in Australian, published by linguist experts and supported by the Australian Government Information Management Office (AGIMO).

The History of English Spelling - The English Spelling Society

Australian National Dictionary Centre

Australian Voices - Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University

4. World English

7. Varieties of English

10. Stress timed and syllable timed rhythm

13. Dominantly non-rhotic

16. Effect of English on national identity

19. Linguistic relativism and determinism

Language death

Why do languages die?


2. What is global language and what does global status mean?

5. Very large languages

8. Native English

11. Rhoticity and non-rhoticity

14. Language and social identity

17. Effect of English on national identity

20. Sapir Whorf hypothesis

Pidgins and Creoles

English as a killer

1. Lingua Franca

English as a lingua franca (ELF) is the use of the English language as "a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages".[1] ELF is also "defined functionally by its use in intercultural communication rather than formally by its reference to native-speaker norms"[2] whereas English as a foreign language aims at meeting native speaker norms and gives prominence to native speaker cultural aspects.[3] While lingua francas have been used for centuries, what makes ELF a novel phenomenon is the extent to which it is used – both functionally and geographically. A typical ELF conversation might involve Swedish and Japanese business people chatting at a coffee break during an international conference held in Nairobi, or an Argentinian tourist asking a local for the way in Berlin. (Source)

3. Why English?

6. Kachru's expanding circles of English

9. Exploring Englishes by phonology

12. Dominantly rhotic groups

15. Globalisation: The good, the bad, and the ugly

18. What about this?

21. Four ideas of the hypothesis