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In Units 1 and 2, students use metalanguage associated with the following five subsystems:
Phonetics and phonology
Morphology and lexicology
The subsystems of language are the essential organising tools with which students become familiar: phonetics and phonology (the study of the sounds of language); morphology and lexicology (the study of the structure or forms of words); syntax (the study of how words are combined into sentences); semantics (the study of meaning in language); and discourse (the study of how written and spoken texts of two or more sentences are organised). In Units 1 and 2, students use metalanguage associated with the five subsystems (listed above).
Syntax is concerned with the organization of words into phrases, clauses and sentences.
Phrases and clauses: length of sentences (simple, compound, complex)/ subordination
the basic functions in clause structure (subject, object, complement, adverbial)
Different sentence types (declarative, imperative, interrogative, exclamatic)
(Phonetics – the study of human speech sounds. It is concerned with the actual physical sounds that human beings utter in making intelligible speech. It is concerned with the mechanics and acoustics of speech, such as where we make sounds in the mouth or the places of articulation.)
Phonetics and phonology:
• the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
• speech sound production: voicing, place of articulation and manner of articulation
• sounds in connected speech and connected speech processes: assimilation, vowel reduction, elision, insertion
• prosodic features: pitch, stress, volume, tempo and intonation
vocal effects: cough, laughter, breath
features of Broad, General and Cultivated accents in Australian English
phonological patterning in texts: alliteration, assonance, consonance, onomatopoeia, rhythm, rhyme
(VCE English Language Study Design)
Semantics is the study of meaning in language – the meaning of words as well as phrases, clauses and sentences.
Semantic fields – we categorise lexemes by organizing vocabulary into fields of meaning or groups of words that are linked in meaning.
lexical meaning and semantic fields;
connotation and denotation;
Metaphor and figurative language; idioms; irony, metaphor, oxymoron, simile, personification,