Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

MHS Library | How to cite and reference your sources (Monash University)

Books

Book with a single author

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication

Example

Knowles, Ric. Reading the Material Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004. Print.

Chopra-Grant, Mike. Cinema and History: The Telling of Stories. New York: Wallflower, 2008. Print. 

In text citation

The theory is proposed in a recent essay (Chopra-Grant 43).
or
Chopra-Grant proposes the theory in a recent essay (43).

Book with a single author (online)

Example

Spigel, Lynn. Make Room for TV: Television and the Family Ideal in Postwar America. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1992ACLS Humanities. Web. 18 June 2012.

In text citation

The description of the home transformed into a theatre (Spigel 99) ...
or
Spigel's description of the home transformed into a theatre (99) ...

Chapter from a book with a single author

Example

Corrigan, Timothy. "Writing About the Movies." A Short Guide to Writing About Film. 5th ed. New York: Longman, 2003. 1-16. Print.

In text citation

The authors explain how citations help your readers (Corrigan 6).
or
Corrigan explainsn how citations help your readers (6).

Book with two authors

Lastname, Firstname, and Firstname Lastname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication

Example

Allain, Paul, and Jen Harvie. The Routledge Companion to Theatre and Performance.
London: Routledge, 2006. Print.

Desmond, John M. and Peter Hawkes. Adaptation: Studying Film and Literature. Boston: McGraw, 2006. Print.

In text citation

Analysis of the Simpsons parody of Poe's "The Raven" (Desmond and Hawkes 218-222) ...
or
Desmond and Hawkes' analysis of the Simpsons parody of Poe's "The Raven" (218-222) ...

Book with three authors

Example

Booth, Wayne C., Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of Research. 3rd ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2008. Print.

In text citation

The authors explain how citations help your readers (Booth, Colomb and Williams 196).
or
Booth, Colomb and Williams explain how citations help your readers (196).

Book with three or more authors

Example

Zarrilli, Phillip B., et al. Theatre Histories: An Introduction. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2012. Print.

or

Zarrilli, Phillip B., Bruce McConachie, Gary Jay Williams and Carol Fisher Sorgenfrei. Theatre Histories: An Introduction. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2012. Print.

In text citation

The preface describes how the authors present overviews and case studies of theatre in many world cultures (Zarrilli et al. 196).
or
The preface describes how Zarrilli, McConachie, Williams and Sorgenfrei present overviews and case studies of theatre in many world cultures (196).

Edited books

Lastname, Firstname, ed. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Examples

Stevens, George, Jr., ed. Conversations with the Great Moviemakers of Hollywood's Golden Age at the American Film Institute. New York: A.A. Knopf, 2006. Print.

Newcomb, Horace, ed. Television: The Critical View. 7th ed. New York: Oxford UP, 2007. Print.

A chapter from an edited book

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Chapter." Title of Book. Ed. Editor's Name(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Page range of entry. Medium of Publication.

Example

Banks, Miranda J. “A Boy for All Planets: Roswell, Smallville and the Teen Male Melodrama.” Teen TV: Genre, Consumption, Identity. Ed. Glyn Davis and Kay Dickinson. London: British Film Institute, 2004. 17-28. Print.

In text citation

According to Banks recent findings (Banks 25) ...
or
According to research by Banks (25) ...

Chapters from an edited book (online)

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Chapter." Title of Book. Ed. Editor's Name(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Page range of entry. Medium of Publication.

Example

Kolker, Robert. “Introduction.” Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho: A Casebook. Ed. Robert Kolker. New York: Oxford UP, 2004. 23-27. Web. 23 March 2012.

Douchet, Jean.. “Hitch and His Audience.” Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho: A Casebook. Ed. Robert Kolker. New York: Oxford UP, 2004. 62-73. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.

In text citation

In a recent collection of essays on the reputation of Psycho (Kolker 24) ...
or
In a recent collection of essays on Hitchcock, Kolker (24) ...

An essay in an edited collection

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Essay." Title of Collection. Ed. Editor's Name(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Page range of entry. Medium of Publication.

Example

Gurr, Andrew. “A New Theatre Historicism.” From Script to Stage in Early Modern England. Ed. Peter Holland and Stephen Orgel. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 71-88. Print.

In text citation

An essay which presents a contemporary perspective (Gurr 72) ...
or
As Gurr has explained in From Script to Stage in Early Modern England (72) ...

 

Further examples (Citation only)

An edited book in a series

Lastname, Firstname, and Firstname Lastname, eds. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Medium of Publication. Series name no.

Print Example

Markantonatos, Andreas and Bernhard Zimmermann, eds. Crisis on Stage: Tragedy and Comedy in Late Fifth-century Athens. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2012. Print. Trends in classics 13.

Online Example

Markantonatos, Andreas and Bernhard Zimmermann, eds. Crisis on Stage: Tragedy and Comedy in Late Fifth-century Athens. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2012. Web. Trends in classics 13. 8 Feb. 2013.

Book with Translator

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Trans. Translator's Name(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Medium of Publication.

Metz, Christian. Language and Cinema. Trans. Donna Jean Umiker-Sebeok. The Hague: Mouton, 1974. Print.

Ibsen, Henrik. Hedda Gabler and Other Plays. Trans. Una Ellis-Fermor. London: Penguin, 1950. Print.
NB: This example contains a title, Hedda Gabler, within a title which is not italicised

Later edition of a Book

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. ed. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication

Example

Corrigan, Timothy. A Short Guide to Writing about Film. 8th ed. Boston: Pearson, 2012. Print.

An Introduction, Preface, Foreward, or Afterword

Lastname, Firstname. "Foreword." Title of Book. By Author's Firstname Lastname(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Page range of entry. Medium of Publication.

Example

Flora, Reis. “Foreword.” A Discography of Hindustani and Karnatic Music. Comp. Michael S. Kinnear. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1985. ix-x. Print.

Book with a corporate author

Organisation name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication

Example

Australian Film Commission.  Documentary Production in Australia: A Collection of Key Data. Sydney: Australian Film Commission, 2008. Print.

Book with a corporate author prepared by an editor

Organisation name. Title of Book. Ed. Firstname Lastname. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication

Example

Australian Theatre Workshop. The Best of the One Act Plays. Ed. Mathew Clausen. Melbourne: Pearson, 2011. Print.

Essay in booklet accompanying a DVD

Vicari, Justin. “Essay.” All that Heaven Allows. Dir. Douglas Sirk. 1955. Madman Entertainment. 2008.

Kindle book

Levy, Emanuel. Cinema of Outsiders: The Rise of American Independent Film. New York: New York U P, 1999. Kindle File.

Tips from the MLA Handbook

See the handbook p.129 for details on formatting (e.g hanging indent and double line spacing). The following examples are based on more detailed information in:

Modern Language Association of America. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: Mod. Lang. Assn., 2009, Print.

Publishers' Names

In the list of works cited, shortened forms of publishers’ names immediately follow the cities of publication. e.g.
U of Chicago P not University of Chicago Press
McGraw not McGraw-Hill, Inc.

For additional information See p. 247-249