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MHS Library | How to cite and reference your sources (Monash University)


Article in a journal

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

Mather, Christine C. "The Political Afterlife of Eleonara Duse." Theatre Survey 45.1 (May 2004): 41-59. Print.

McGowan, Todd. "Finding Ourselves on a Lost Highway: David Lynch's Lesson in Fantasy." Cinema Journal 39.2 (2000): 51-73. Print.

In text citation

A recent article suggests that Lynch's work with sound is often the most inventive aspect of his filmmaking (McGowan 59).
McGowan suggests that Lynch's work with sound is often the most inventive aspect of his filmmaking (59).

Article from a library database

Owen, A. Susan. "Buffy the Vampire Slayer." Journal of Popular Film and Television 27.2 (1999): 24-31 Communication And Mass Media Complete. Web. 17 Mar. 2009.

In text citation

As argued by one writer (Owen 27) …
As argued by Owen (27) …

 Article (Free Online)

Stevenson, Jonas P., and Dimitri Jorgenson. "Renewal in Cinema in Eastern Europe." Journal of Experimental Cinema 40.3 (2012):106-08. Web. 18 Dec. 2012.

Citing a source within a source

Scenario: In the article by Lavik, another article is cited on page 62, written by Johnstone. You would like to cite Johnstone's article, but you have not read it.

Lavik, Erland. "The Poetics and Rhetoric of the The Wire's Intertextuality." Critical Studies in Television 6.1 (2011): 52-71. Film and Television Index with Full Text. Web. 19 June 2012.

In text citation

Its fundamental concern is the "isolation and degradation of the black underclass" (qtd. in Lavik).

Johnstone's research (cited in Lavik) reveals that....

Anonymous article

If no author's name is given for the article you are citing, begin the entry with the title.

"Where Angels No Longer Fear to Tread." Economist 22 Mar. 2008: 89+. Print.

In text citation

Putting religion under the microscope is a costly undertaking ("Where Angels..." 89).


"Where Angels No Longer Fear to Tread" highlights the cost of putting religion under the microscope (89).

Multiple authors or no author listed

To cite more than one author, or no author, refer to the examples provided for BOOKS. 

Page Numbers

If a page range starts with a number over 100:

145-52 not 145-152

2330-38 not 2330-2338

If possible, give the inclusive page numbers or, when pagination is not continuous, the first page number and a plus sign. If pagination is not available, use n. pag:

European Journal of Communication 15.3 (2012): n. pag.

Database name

For a journal article in an online database include the name of the database (italicized), the medium of publication (Web) and the date of access.

For example: Communication and Mass Media Complete. Web. 17 Mar. 2009.


With the exception of May, June and July, the names of months should be abbreviated as:
January = Jan.
February = Feb.
March = Mar.
April = Apr.
August = Aug.
September = Sept.
October = Oct.
November = Nov.
December = Dec.
Undated sources: Use "n.d." (for no date) in the citation. When this is used after a full stop in a citation, use (N.d.)