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MHS Library | How to cite and reference your sources (Monash University)

Encyclopedias

When using two or more volumes of a multivolume work, cite the total number of volumes. This information comes after the title—or after any editor’s name or identification of edition—and before the publication information. Give volume number in the in-text citation followed by page number.

Encyclopedia (whole work)

Lastname, Firstname. Title of work. Edition. Number of volumes. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Example

Terrace, Vincent. Encyclopedia of Television Shows 1925 through 2010. 2nd ed. 3 vols. North Carolina: McFarland, 2011. Print

In text citation

The revised edition includes more than 10,567 numbered entries (Terrace 1: 1).
or
In his preface Terrace explains that the revised edition includes more than 10,567 numbered entries (1: 1).

Encyclopedia (article entry)

Lastname, Firstname. "Article title." Title of work. Edition. Volume number. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Example

Terrace, Vincent. “The Wire.” Encyclopedia of Television Shows 1925 through 2010. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. North Carolina: McFarland, 2011. Print.

In text citation

Terrace gives background information on all the main characters (3: 1184-5).
or
Background information is given on all the main characters (Terrace 3: 1184-5).

Encyclopedia (article entry) online

Lastname, Firstname. "Article title." Title of work. Edition. Volume number. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium. Date of access.

Example

Terrace, Vincent. “The Wire.” Encyclopedia of Television Shows 1925 through 2010. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. North Carolina: McFarland, 2011. Web. 9 July 2012

In text citation

Terrace gives background information on all the main characters (3: 1184-5).
or
Background information is given on all the main characters (Terrace 3: 1184-5).

Edited encyclopedia (article entry)

Lastname, Firstname. "Article title." Title of work. Ed. Editor's Firstname Lastname. Edition. Volume number. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of publication.

Example

Collins, Kathleen. “Sesame Street.” Encyclopedia of Television. Ed. Horace Newcomb. 2nd ed. Vol. 4. New York: Fitzroy, 2004. Print.

In text citation

According to Collins, Sesame Street is the most researched show in television history (4: 2057)
or
Sesame Street is the most researched show in television history (Collins 4: 2057)


Edited encyclopedia (article entry) online

Where there are no page numbers in an online source use the author's name or the title alone, with no page number.

Lastname, Firstname. "Article title." Title of work. Ed. Editor's Firstname Lastname. Edition. Volume number. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium. Date accessed.

Anderson, Christopher.  “I Love Lucy.” Encyclopedia of Television. Ed. Horace Newcomb. 2nd ed. Chicago: Museum of Broadcast Television. 2012. Web. 19 June 2012.

In text citation

Freund used a technique running three cameras simultaneously (Anderson).
or
Anderson describes how Freund used a technique running three cameras simultaneously (Anderson).

Tips from the MLA Handbook

See the handbook for further examples: p. 160 (5.5.7) An Article in a Reference Book. If the article is signed, give the author’s name first (often articles in reference books are signed with initials identified elsewhere in the work); if it is unsigned, give the title first.