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How to cite and reference your sources (Monash University) : Vancouver

Thank you to Monash University for generously allowing us to copy their resources

Vancouver style

Description. Vancouver is a numbered referencing style commonly used in medicine and science, and consists of:

  • citations to someone else's work in the text, indicated by the use of a number
  • a sequentially numbered reference list at the end of the document providing full details of the corresponding in-text reference

It follows rules established by the International committee of Medical Journal Editors, now maintained by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. It is also known as Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals.

Printing this guide: Please note printing directly from pages in this guide may alter the citation formatting display.

Reference list: General notes

Please check with your faculty for any specific referencing or formatting requirements

  • References are listed in numerical order, and in the same order in which they are cited in text. The reference list appears at the end of the paper.
  • Begin your reference list on a new page and title it 'References.'
  • The reference list should include all and only those references you have cited in the text. (However, do not include unpublished items such as correspondence).
  • Use Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).
  • Abbreviate journal titles in the style used in the NLM Catalog
  • Check the reference details against the actual source - you are indicating that you have read a source when you cite it.
  • Be consistent with your referencing style across the document.
  • For additional information you may wish to consult Citing Medicine, 2nd ed.