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MHS Library | Life Science


The terms Fowl and Poultry are often used interchangeably, but scientifically speaking Fowl birds are of the Superorder Galloanserae.


Gruiformes are birds with long legs, necks and beaks. Gruiformes have elaborate courtship rituals and form large flocks.

Perching Birds

Perching birds, or songbirds, are the most common birds on Earth. From Cardindals to Wrens, explore the different types of perching birds. See the full list.


Woodpeckers are birds that feed by "pecking" or boring into wood in search of insects to eat. Woodpeckers are found around the world.

Other Birds

Biodiversity if an amazing and wonderful thing. But it also means that there are many types of birds that don't fit into a specific categories. Read about all types of strange but beautiful birds in this section. See full list.

Birds of Prey

Birds of prey tend to have excellent eyesight and attack with their sharp talons. Read how eagles can fly over thunderclouds, owls can hunt in pitch black and much more.


Seabirds is a generic term literally for birds that live and feed near or in the sea. Seabirds commonly include terns, gulls, auks and even penguins.


Waterfowl, which include ducks, geese and swans, are fowl that live in and around water. Most are strong swimmers with medium to large bodies.

Wading Birds

Wading birds generally are tall, sleek birds with long beaks which they use to hunt in shallow waters. The herons are an exception but are still generally included as a wading bird.