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Bauhaus: Home

History of Modern Art: Bauhaus

Bauhaus: Ninety years of inspiration

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Bauhaus: Design in a nutshell

The Bauhaus

"MR" armchair, 1927
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (American, born Germany, 1886–1969), Designer
Tubular steel, painted caning

The Bauhaus was founded in 1919 in the city of Weimar by German architect Walter Gropius (1883–1969). Its core objective was a radical concept: to reimagine the material world to reflect the unity of all the arts. Gropius explained this vision for a union of art and design in the Proclamation of the Bauhaus (1919), which described a utopian craft guild combining architecture, sculpture, and painting into a single creative expression. Gropius developed a craft-based curriculum that would turn out artisans and designers capable of creating useful and beautiful objects appropriate to this new system of living.

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